My research interests include seabird ecology, acoustic ecology, restoration biology, and biodiversity conservation.
Biodiversity conservation in Canada
My current research program is examining the science needs for Canada to meet its biodiversity targets. More to come soon!
My previous research at Colorado State University examined the effects of human noise on wildlife. This includes noise from oil & gas development, namely fracking:
Within the past 5 years, with the collapse in oil prices, the amount of development and activity associated with natural gas has declined in western Colorado. We were interested in how animals and soundscapes recover from anthropogenic noise. To examine recovery we paired an array of acoustic recorders and camera traps.
We were also looking at the impacts of motorcycle noise as a result of the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally, which passes through Devils Tower National Monument:
2015 was the 75th anniversary of the rally and the park hosted upwards of a million motorcyclists in 4 days. The park was inundated with noise, affecting the roadside Prairie dog colony, a large diversity of birds and bats, and the resident white-tailed dear population.
Finally, we examined the impact of noise on wildlife and visitor experience within US protected areas and national parks. My postdoc was in collaboration with the National Parks Service Natural Sounds and Night Skies program who have recently mapped noise impacts across the country
We found that noise pollution is pervasive in US protected areas
My PhD thesis examined the rates and drivers of seabird population recovery after the removal of human-introduced predators. I worked with local iwi groups (indigenous Maori people), government agencies, and crown research institutes to examine how seabirds recover, and how their recovery is integral to the restoration of coastal ecosystems and cultural traditions.
Burrow-nesting seabirds are important animals in New Zealand: they act as ecosystem engineers, where soils are fertilized and aerated through guano deposition and burrow digging.
They also act as cultural keystone species, where petrel chicks are harvested by indigenous peoples (Maori) as a source of food and cultural cohesion.
Evidence suggests that, prior to human colonization of New Zealand c. 800 ybp, the main islands housed large petrel colonies. However, with habitat destruction and the introduction of mammalian predators, petrel populations were largely restricted to predator-free offshore islands. Furthermore, studies have shown that islands where predators reduced petrel populations to very small numbers exhibit altered ecosystem structure and function. Thus, the restoration of coastal cultural and biological systems in New Zealand will be closely tied to the recovery of burrow-nesting seabird populations. My PhD research sought to examine which factors facilitate or hinder the natural recovery of burrow-nesting seabird populations after predator removal – in order to prioritize sites where further population management may be required.
My MSc research at Memorial University of Newfoundland, was situated in the picturesque Aleutian Islands, Alaska. This archipelago stretches 1800 km between Alaska and Russia and houses some of the most incredible avifauna in the world.
This includes the most diverse seabird colony in the Northern Hemisphere at Buldir Island. Experiencing the deafening sounds of over 6 million nocturnal seabirds returning from their long ocean journey to find a mate and breed, is one of the worlds most impressive spectacles.
Because nocturnal seabirds interact with one another in complete darkness, visual displays (like a beautiful plumage or courtship dances) are out of the question. Instead, nocturnal seabirds communicate using their loud and strange calls. Each individual seabird has it’s own unique call, so that they can be identified within a dense colony of millions of birds.
My research concerned the use of acoustic recording to monitor nocturnal seabirds, specifically Leach’s and Fork-tailed Storm-petrels and Ancient Murrelets.
Nocturnal burrow-nesting seabird populations were decimated by the introduction of Arctic foxes for the fur trade and the accidental introduction of Norway Rats during WWII. Entire colonies were destroyed, as foxes and rats ate their way through chicks and eggs. Seabird populations, for the most part, have benefitted from the removal of introduced foxes (e.g. Pigeon Guillemots and Oystercatcher populations have quadrupled). However, the effect of eradication is unknown for nocturnal burrow-nesting seabirds, because they are so difficult to study. They visit the breeding colony only in the pitch dark and nest a meter underground. Also, the Aleutians are expansive (300+ islands across 1800 kms) and expensive to reach, survey teams are equally as expensive, and nocturnal burrow-nesting seabirds are nearly impossible to monitor. My research aimed to show that acoustic monitoring (recording night-time calls as a measure of relative abundance) can provide a cheap way to census nocturnal birds across the Aleutians as they recover after decades of damage done by Arctic foxes.